"In 1995, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) awarded grants to five communities to implement and test a model program to reduce gang crime and violence. The OJJDP (or 'Spergel') Model includes five strategies for dealing with gang-involved youth and their communities. These strategies are: (1) mobilizing community leaders and residents to plan, strengthen, or create new opportunities or linkages to existing organizations for gang-involved and at-risk youth; (2) using outreach workers to engage gang-involved youth; (3) providing and facilitating access to academic, economic, and social opportunities; (4) conducting gang suppression activities and holding gang-involved youth accountable; and (5) facilitating organizational change and development to help community agencies better address gang problems through a team 'problem-solving' approach that is consistent with the philosophy of community oriented policing. The model and its strategies are designed and targeted based on a strategic problem assessment and implemented sequentially. At each of the five sites, a steering committee made up of key community leaders and staff from local agencies provides overall direction and guidance. Although the demonstration phase of the projects will not end for some time, each site has seen important preliminary results. This Fact Sheet offers a preview of programs at each site and should be helpful to any community attempting to address gang crime and violence. These descriptions are intended to highlight the essence of the model--a coordinated team approach to delivering services and problem solving."
OJJDP Fact Sheet, No. 112; FS-99112
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention: http://www.ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/