Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy [Updated July 8, 2008] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Summary: "On November 27, at an international conference in Annapolis, MD, President Bush read a Joint Understanding in which Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert agreed to simultaneously resume bilateral negotiations on core issues and implement the Road Map. The negotiations continue. On May 21, 2008, Israel, Syria, and Turkey announced that Syria and Israel had begun indirect peace talks via the Turks. Congress is interested in issues related to Middle East peace because of its oversight role in the conduct of U.S. foreign policy, its support for Israel, and keen constituent interest. It is especially concerned about U.S. financial and other commitments to the parties, and the 110th Congress is engaged in these matters. Congress also has endorsed Jerusalem as the undivided capital of Israel, although U.S. Administrations have consistently maintained that the fate of the city is the subject of final status negotiations. This CRS report will be updated as developments warrant."