H. Rept. 109-435: Updating Nuclear Security Standards: How Long Can the Department of Energy Afford to Wait? Seventh Report, April 25, 2006 [open pdf - 144KB]
"The Government Reform Committee, National Security, Emerging Threats, and International Relations [NSETIR] Subcommittee conducted an oversight investigation of Department of Energy [DOE] efforts to improve nuclear facility security. The subcommittee examined the DOE National Nuclear Security Administration [NNSA] and the Office of Energy, Science and Environment [ESE] to determine the reasons behind persistent reports of facility security lapses. The Department of Energy is the Nation's custodian for the protection of nuclear weapons, components and special nuclear material. The oversight investigation conducted by the subcommittee attempted to identify systemic problems within the structure and management of DOE. The investigation sought to make sure risk management policies are threat-based, not artificially constrained by the question, 'How much security can we afford?' in the effort to formulate and implement a new, post-9/11 security standard or Design Basis Threat [DBT]. Without question, DOE nuclear warhead production plants, test facilities, research labs, storage locations and decommissioned sites are attractive targets for terrorists determined to turn modern technology against us, and willing to die while doing so. The highly enriched uranium [HEU] and plutonium [PU] held at various locations could be used as the core of an improvised nuclear device or dispersed as a radiological weapon."
H. Rept. 109-435; House Report 109-435
U.S. Government Printing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/