Next Geographical Pivot: The Russian Arctic in the Twenty-first Century   [open pdf - 1MB]

"The opening of the Arctic in the twenty-fi rst century will give Russia the opportunity to develop and grow as a maritime power, fi rst in the Arctic and eventually wherever its merchant fl eet carries Russian goods and returns with foreign products. This transformation of the threatening 'heartland' of Mackinder and Spykman into a member of the maritime powers will require extensive effort to bring the new maritime Russia into the collaborations and partnerships of other oceangoing states. Commitment to the rule of law, shared Arctic domain awareness, joint security and safety operations, and collaboration in developing policies for the future can maintain the Arctic as a region of peace even while the coastal states maintain naval and law enforcement capabilities in the region. The best course is to address Russia's evolving maritime role with an Arctic regional maritime partnership based on the model of the Global Maritime Partnership initiative, expanded to address civilian interests in climate, resources, science, and conservation. The American objective should be to work collaboratively to resolve disputes over continental shelf and fi shery claims, negotiate a regional high-seas fi sheries management plan, develop a regional Arctic maritime transportation plan, and coordinate security and safety policies on the ocean and ice surface and in the air, in line with the U.S. Arctic Policy and the sea services' 'Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower.'"

Author:Antrim, Caitlyn L.
Publisher:Naval War College (U.S.)
Copyright:Public Domain
Retrieved From:Naval War College: http://usnwc.edu
Media Type:application/pdf
Source:Naval War College Review (Summer 2010), v.63 no.3, p.16-37
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