National Assessment of Efforts to Predict and Respond to Harmful Algal Blooms in U.S. Waters   [open pdf - 2MB]

This report published by the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), "reviews and evaluates Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) prediction and response efforts, identifies current prevention, control, and mitigation programs for HABs, and is the first step in a process to create an innovative research and development plan for advancing HAB prediction and response. [...] This report was prepared by the National Science and Technology Council's Joint Subcommittee on Science and Technology Interagency Working Group on Harmful Algal Blooms, Hypoxia, and Human Health (IWG-4H). It draws from the contributions of numerous experts and stakeholders from federal, state, and local governments, academia, industry, and non-governmental organizations through direct contributions, previous reports and planning efforts, and a public comment period. [...] This report is an effort to assess the extent of federal, state and local efforts to predict and respond to HAB events and to identify opportunities for charting a way forward. [...] Algae are the most abundant photosynthetic organisms in marine and freshwater ecosystems and are essential, energy-producing components of aquatic foodwebs. Harmful algal bloom or 'HAB' species are a small subset of algal species that produce toxins and/or bloom to excess, thus creating harm to humans and ecosystems. Humans, domestic animals, and wildlife, including endangered species, can be exposed to algal toxins through their food, drinking water, the water in which they swim, or aerosols."

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The National Science and Technology Council: http://www.ostp.gov/cs/nstc
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