"In the four decades since Federal research first enabled computers to send and receive data over networks, U.S. government research and development (R&D) in advanced networking has fueled a technological, economic, and social transformation. Today, networking is woven into the fabric of our society, a fundamental infrastructure for government operations, national defense and homeland security, commerce, communication, research, education, and leisuretime activities. The Internet's phenomenal growth and elasticity have exceeded all expectations. At the same time, we have become captive to the limitations and vulnerabilities of the current generation of networking technologies. Because vital U.S. interests -- for example, national defense communications, financial markets, and the operation of critical infrastructures such as power grids -- now depend on secure, reliable, highspeed network connectivity, these limitations and vulnerabilities can threaten our national security and economic competitiveness. Research and development to create the next generation of networking technologies is needed to address these threats. This critical R&D challenge was recognized by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), who formed the Interagency Task Force on Advanced Networking to provide a strategic vision for future networked environments (see Appendix 1 for the charge to the Task Force). The Task Force, established under the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) and comprising representatives of 11 Federal organizations, developed this Federal Plan for Advanced Networking Research and Development."
National Science and Technology Council: http://www.ostp.gov/