Decision Memorandum: Decision on Delegation of Section 127 (f) of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 [open pdf - 996KB]
This memorandum written by John H. Marburger, Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in regards to the Section 127 (f) waiver of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002. More specifically, Director Marburger states the following: "in that Section of the Act, Congress authorized the President to waive the program if he determines that there exists 'an alternative and more effective prophylaxis or preventative measures for adverse thyroid conditions that may result from the release of radionuclides from the nuclear power plants. Under the Act, the Federal Government would provide KI (potassium iodide) to be distributed by state and local governments to populations living in a zone extending an additional 10 miles beyond the existing 10 mile emergency planning zone near nuclear power plants (NPP's), in which a KI distribution program already exists. [...] After a through review of the technical issues, and as explained in detail below, I have decided to invoke the Section 127 (f) waiver. I have determined that a more effective preventative measure does exist for the extended zone covered by the Act, namely avoidance of exposure altogether through evacuation of the potentially affected population and interdiction of contaminated food. Analysis of radiological release events that could lead to adverse thyroid conditions beyond the current 10 mile zone shows that such limiting or avoiding exposure to radiation through these mechanisms is practical and much more effective than the administration of KI in the proposed extended zone."
Office of Science & Technology Policy: http://www.ostp.gov/