Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 2000-2007 [October 23, 2008]   [open pdf - 345KB]

"This [CRS] report is prepared annually to provide Congress with official, unclassified, quantitative data on conventional arms transfers to developing nations by the United States and foreign countries for the preceding eight calendar years for use in its policy oversight functions. All agreement and delivery data in this report for the United States are government-to-government Foreign Military Sales (FMS) transactions. Similar data are provided on worldwide conventional arms transfers by all suppliers, but the principal focus is the level of arms transfers by major weapons suppliers to nations in the developing world. Developing nations continue to be the primary focus of foreign arms sales activity by weapons suppliers. During the years 2000-2007, the value of arms transfer agreements with developing nations comprised 66.6% of all such agreements worldwide. […] Recently, from 2004-2007, the United States and Russia have dominated the arms market in the developing world, with both nations either ranking first or second for 3 out of 4 years in the value of arms transfer agreements. […] The United Kingdom was second with $9.8 billion or 23.2% of such agreements. Russia was third with $9.7 billion or 23%. In 2007, the United States ranked first in the value of arms deliveries to developing nations at $7.6 billion, or 44.2% of all such deliveries. Russia ranked second at $4.6 billion or 26.7% of such deliveries. In 2007, Saudi Arabia ranked first in the value of arms transfer agreements among all developing nations weapons purchasers, concluding $10.6 billion in such agreements. India ranked second with $5 billion in such agreements. Pakistan ranked third with $4.2 billion."

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CRS Report for Congress, RL34723
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