"This study responds to a congressional mandate to (1) identify victims and potential victims of domestic trafficking; (2) determine whether victims have been identified as such by law enforcement; and (3) explore differences between sex trafficking and unlawful commercial sex. It examines human trafficking experiences among a random sample of 60 counties across the United States. Study findings emphasize both confusion about how human trafficking is defined and a general lack of awareness of the issue. In states with anti-trafficking statutes, 44 percent of law enforcement respondents and 50 percent of prosecutors report that their states do not have or they are not aware of having anti-trafficking legislation. In general, law enforcement, prosecutors, and service providers respondents could not: (1) differentiate between severe and non severe forms of human trafficking; (2) distinguish trafficking from smuggling; (3) differentiate domestic and international trafficking; (4) identify types of trafficking (sexual and labor), or (5) state the elements of trafficking. Until these ambiguities are removed (e.g., what is not "severe" trafficking), it will be difficult to inform the public and key stakeholders about what to look for and how to address it."
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: http://www.ncjrs.gov/