DRAFT Interagency Risk Assessment for the Public Health Impact of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus in Poultry, Shell Eggs, and Egg Products [open pdf - 2MB]
"The United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) developed a quantitative risk assessment for the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus(es) (HPAIV) in food in collaboration with the Department of Health and Human Services' (DHHS) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). The risk assessment was developed by an Interagency Workgroup formed from representatives of each of these three agencies. The purpose of this risk assessment was to 1) estimate the exposure and potential human illness from consumption of HPAIV-contaminated poultry, shell eggs, and egg products from the index flock, and 2) examine the effectiveness of mitigation strategies to control HPAIV if detected in the United States. [...] Due to recent poultry outbreaks of HPAI associated with poultry in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Middle East and the subsequent heightened awareness of the public for food safety, the Interagency Workgroup developed a farm-to-table food safety risk assessment for HPAIV from consumption of poultry, shell eggs, and egg products. Though consumption of HPAIV--contaminated poultry, shell eggs, and egg products is not epidemiologically associated with human illness, the possibility of illness from such an exposure route remains. Given the potential public health risk, the risk assessment focuses on the H5 and H7 HPAI strains that can make humans ill and occasionally lead to death."
United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Food Safety and Inspection Service: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/