"Protecting healthcare workers who respond to emergencies involving hazardous substances is critical. Healthcare workers responding to emergencies may be exposed to chemical, biological, physical, or radioactive hazards. Hospitals providing emergency response services must be prepared to carry out their missions without jeopardizing the safety and health of their own and other employees. Of special concern are the situations where contaminated patients arrive at the hospital for triage (sorting) or definitive treatment following a major incident. In many localities, the hospital has not been firmly integrated into the community emergency response system and may not be prepared to safely treat multiple casualties resulting from an incident involving hazardous substances. Increasing awareness of the need to protect healthcare workers and understanding the principal considerations in emergency response planning will help reduce the risk of employee exposure to hazardous substances. (Note: This publication focuses on emergencies originating outside the hospital and does not address responses to internal hazardous material (HAZMAT) releases, e.g., release of ethylene oxide)."
OSHA 3152-3R 2008
United States. Dept. of Labor. Occupational Safety and Health Administration: http://www.osha.gov/