"IEDs are generally easy to develop, difficult to combat, and cause disproportionate harm (physical and psychological) to the citizenry. RDT&E options to assist in domestic IED efforts are plentiful, easily overwhelming the ability of government and industry to fund. This report outlines ten challenge areas where concentrated research can be most beneficial in combating IED use in the homeland, and is a summation of interagency efforts to analyze operational capabilities and gaps, as well as their associated research needs. [...] Terrorists have repeatedly shown their willingness and ability to use explosives as weapons worldwide and there is ample evidence to support the conclusion that they will continue to use such devices to inflict harm. In acknowledgement of this threat, the President issued Homeland Security Presidential Directive 19 (HSPD-19), 'Combating Terrorist Use of Explosives in the United States,' which establishes overall national policy, and calls for the development of a national strategy and an implementation plan to deter, prevent, detect, protect against, and respond to terrorist use of explosives in the United States. The Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Department of Defense (DoD) and other interagency partners, developed the National Strategy to Combat Terrorist Use of Explosives in the United States and the HSPD-19 Implementation Plan, which provide a way forward. Both the National Strategy and the Implementation Plan highlight the importance of a coordinated approach to a counter-IED (C-IED) RDT&E program."
Executive Office of the President, Office of Science & Technology Policy: http://www.ostp.gov/