Recent debate among U.S. lawmakers has centered a whether FEMA should remain a part of DHS or become its own agency. "In the past few months, as the federal government prepared for the transition to a new administration, others also began to weigh in on whether FEMA should be a part of DHS or whether it should be pulled out and made a stand-alone agency. The question is not new. FEMA's inclusion in DHS has been the subject of intense debate in Congress, including during consideration of both the legislation that created the department, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (P.L. 107-296), and the legislation passed in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006, (P.L. 109-295, Title VI-National Emergency Management, of the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2007, hereinafter Post-Katrina Reform Act). In both instances, after much consideration and debate, Congress voted to include FEMA in DHS. In an effort to help focus and inform the current debate, we present in this white paper some of the important elements that should be considered when deciding FEMA's placement in the federal government."
Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General, Report No. OIG-09-25
United States Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General: http://www.dhs.gov/oig/