Border Security: CBP Lacks the Data Needed to Assess the FAST Program at U.S. Northern Border Ports, Report to the Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate [open pdf - 3MB]
"CBP [U.S. Customs and Border Protection] lacks data needed to assess whether FAST [Free and Secure Trade] program participants receive program benefits, but depending on the infrastructure available, CBP and 8 of 11 stakeholders GAO [Government Accountability Office] interviewed had generally favorable views of the program. CBP's Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) collects data on freight processing but does not differentiate between FAST and non-FAST shipments. Thus, it is difficult for CBP to determine the extent to which participants experience intended benefits. CBP officials stated that the ACE system needs to be modified to capture these data, but CBP has not yet set milestones to do so. Establishing milestones could help CBP ensure that modifications to ACE proceed as planned so that CBP is better positioned to begin collecting data. However, CBP does not have plans to conduct a study to determine if program benefits are being realized once these data have been captured. Conducting such a study would help CBP determine if the benefits are experienced by all FAST participants, and what program adjustments, if any, are needed."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/