Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate: Public Transportation Safety Act of 2010 [open pdf - 29KB]
From the Summary: "The Public Transportation Safety Act of 2010 would authorize the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) to establish uniform safety standards for public transportation systems and would authorize appropriations for grants to certain states to implement those standards. Assuming appropriation of the specified amounts, CBO [Congressional Budget Office] estimates that implementing the bill would cost $61 million over the 2011-2015 period. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply to this legislation because enacting it could affect revenues. The bill would allow the Department of Transportation (DOT) to impose civil penalties in certain situations where safety standards are violated; such collections are classified as revenues in the budget. Based on information from the FTA, however, CBO estimates that the new penalties would have no significant impact on the federal budget in any year. The bill would impose an intergovernmental mandate as defined in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) by preempting state laws related to public transportation safety if those laws do not meet the minimum requirements of a uniform national standard. While that preemption would limit the application of state law, CBO estimates that it would impose no duty on state, local, or tribal governments that would result in additional spending. The legislation contains no new private-sector mandates."
Congressional Budget Office: http://cbo.gov/