Comparative Toxicity of Eight Oil Dispersant Products on Two Gulf of Mexico Aquatic Test Species [open pdf - 85KB]
"Large quantities of Louisiana sweet crude oil have been released into the Gulf of Mexico since the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil exploration platform on April 20, 2010. […]. Dispersants are being applied offshore on the surface as well as underwater at the source of the leak. The EPA conducted independent studies to assess the relative acute toxicity of eight dispersants on the NCP Product Schedule. This report summarizes results of the first phase of testing obtained from acute toxicity tests conducted with eight oil dispersants using two Gulf of Mexico aquatic species: (1) the mysid shrimp, Americamysis bahia, an aquatic invertebrate, and (2) the inland silverside, Menidia beryllina, a small estuarine fish. These species are standard test organisms used in a variety of EPA toxicity test methods. The eight dispersants tested were Corexit 9500A, Dispersit SPC1000, JD-2000, Nokomis 3-AA, Nokomis 3-F4, Saf-Ron Gold, Sea Brat #4 and ZI-400. The tests were conducted using an established contract testing laboratory and in compliance with the Good Laboratory Practice regulations as provided in EPA 40CFR160 (USEPA, 40CFR Part 160). The approach described herein utilized consistent test methodologies within a single laboratory which provided a means to assess acute toxicity estimates across dispersants and independently evaluate the NCP Product schedule toxicity information. The next phases of this study will examine the acute toxicity of Louisiana sweet crude oil and dispersant-sweet crude oil mixtures on mysids and Menidia -- the results will be reported separately at a later date."
United States. Environmental Protection Agency: http://www.epa.gov/