Bioterrorism: Federal Research and Preparedness Activities, Report to Congressional Committees [open pdf - 755KB]
The following Federal departments and agencies have been identified as responders to the public health and medical consequences of a bioterrorist attack on the civilian population: the Departments of Agriculture (USDA), Commerce, Defense (DOD), Energy (DOE), Health and Human Services (HHS), Justice (DOJ), Transportation (DOT), the Treasury, and Veterans Affairs (VA); the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Preparedness activities, for example, include (1) increasing federal, state, and local response capabilities; (2) developing response teams; (3) increasing the availability of medical treatments; (4) participating in and sponsoring exercises; (5) aiding victims; and (6) providing support at special events, such as presidential inaugurations and Olympic games. The coordination of federal terrorism research, preparedness, and response programs, however remain fragmented, which raises concern about the ability of states and localities to respond to a bioterrorist attack. In addition, issues include insufficient state and local planning and a lack of hospital participation in training on terrorism and emergency response planning.
Government Accountability Office (GAO): http://www.gao.gov/