"This document has been prepared under the direction of the Chief of Staff of the Air Force (CSAF). The original tasking resulted from the 2002 CSAF Doctrine Symposium and directed the Air Force Doctrine Center (AFDC) to develop Air Force doctrine on Civil Support (properly placed within the larger context of Homeland Security) and to capture the Commander, Air Force Forces (COMAFFOR) command and control mechanism for Civil Support operations. This document establishes guidance for organizing and employing air and space forces at the operational level in the conduct of military operations in support of a lead federal agency. Additionally, discussion of Coordinating Authority and its applicability in Air Force civil support missions is provided. Coordinating Authority, which provides for unity of effort in operations involving Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve, and Active Duty airmen engaged in interagency activities, has been formalized in Joint doctrine and will be formalized in Air Force doctrine. Most Air Force assets (people, weapons, and support systems) may be used in the conduct of civil support missions. This document discusses the nature of the civil support environment and the fundamentals of organization and employment of Air Force capabilities to accomplish these missions."