State and Local Preparedness for Terrorism: Policy Issues and Options [Updated July 26, 2002] [open pdf - 128KB]
"Congress is presently debating how the structure and responsibilities of a new Department of Homeland Security will impact state and local preparedness for terrorism. Both H.R. 5005 and S. 2452 would consolidate state and local assistance programs into the new department. The department would also be responsible for coordinating the development and implementation of federal, state, and local response plans. At present, Congress authorizes several federal agencies to conduct programs designed to help state and local responders enhance their preparedness for terrorist attacks, particularly attacks involving weapons of mass destruction. These programs cover a range of activities, including emergency planning; training and equipment; response to chemical and biological attacks; law enforcement; and public health. As Congress determines the responsibilities of a new Homeland Security Department, it might consider a range of policy issues frequently mentioned by state and local emergency managers and analysts."
CRS Report for Congress, RL31266