"One of the most enduring and deeply troubling lessons from the Gulf War is that Iraq, a country of moderate technical capability and economic means, was able to move from biological weapons (BW) research to deployed weapons in only five years. Iraq possessed BW-filled munitions, including bombs and missile warheads; had the technical sophistication to weaponize three different biological agents; and had forward deployed these weapons before the start of Desert Storm. But what is particularly shocking is that these facts were discovered not from mandatory Iraqi declarations to the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM), or even from more than 30 highly intrusive, UNSCOM inspection missions. Rather, the information came to light only from the belated revelations of an Iraqi defector, Hussein Kamal, who later paid with his life. The extent and sophistication of the Iraqi BW program--and the suspicions raised by Saddam's recent efforts to prevent UNSCOM inspectors from gaining access to the most sensitive sites--underscores the reality that NBC military threats are not 'theoretical' military problems of the future; they are significant military threats today."
Strategic Forum No.138