"This report is an update to the previous five reports to Congress that were provided in June and December of 2006 and 2007, and in June of 2008. This report covers all activities from December 2005 to January 15, 2009. The report covers the pandemic influenza funding provided in both the December 2005 emergency supplemental appropriations bill (PL 109-148) and the June 2006 emergency supplemental appropriations bill (PL 109-234). Concern surrounding the threat of an influenza pandemic sparked by the existence of a novel influenza virus reemerged in August 2005 when animal outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1virus were reported in twelve countries around the world with 112 total human cases confirmed in four of those countries. Three and a half years later, the number of countries confirming animal outbreaks has expanded to 61, with 387 total human cases confirmed in fifteen of those countries. During the past twelve months, animal outbreaks due to the H5N1 influenza virus have continued in Asia and North Africa, where the virus is now endemic. Despite education efforts to minimize exposure to infected poultry, human cases continue to be associated with these outbreaks. The virus has also been identified in European countries, including Germany and the United Kingdom in 2008. In addition to the ongoing global concern raised by the spread and evolution of the H5N1 virus subtype, other novel influenza viruses have emerged. In the United Kingdom, a highly pathogenic avian influenza H7N7 virus infection appeared in domestic poultry."
Medical Countermeasures.gov: https://www.medicalcountermeasures.gov/default.aspx