Selective Review of the Literature on Ethnocultural Aspects of PTSD   [open pdf - 260KB]

This article on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) discusses ethnic and cultural considerations as related to PTSD, providing selected abstracts from related documents. From the article: "During the past twenty years, the growth of interest in ethnocultural aspects of reactions to traumatic events has been indicated by publication of numerous books, technical reports, and journal articles on a broad spectrum of ethnic populations and ethnic aspects of PTSD. As noted by the present authors in a recent article (Marsella, Friedman & Spain, in press), information on ethnocultural aspects of PTSD is widely distributed across publications that focus on different: 1) ethnocultural groups (e.g., Afro-Americans, American Indians, Asian-Americans, Cambodians, Hispanics); 2) traumatized populations (e.g., war veterans, refugees, torture victims, prisoner-of-war survivors, rape and crime victims, survivors of natural and human-made disasters); 3) traumatic events (e.g., Vietnam War, Afghanistan War, Northern Ireland Conflict, Buffalo Creek Disasters, Chernobyl, Hiroshima, Three Mile Island, San Ysidro Massacre, Khmer Rouge genocide, Nazi Holocaust, refugee camp internment, rape, criminal assault); and 4) clinical topics (e.g., epidemiology, measurement of PTSD, clinical diagnosis, alternative therapies). [...] Ethnocultural studies of PTSD offer an opportunity to identify the universal and the culture-specific aspects of the PTSD experience by comparing ethnocultural group differences in the distribution, expression, and treatment of PTSD. Identifying these differences can help clinicians adjust their practices and procedures to accommodate the shared and the unique aspects of the PTSD experience. While responses to a traumatic event may share some universal features, especially as the trauma becomes more severe, ethnocultural factors may play an important role in the individual's vulnerability to PTSD, the expression of PTSD, and the treatment responsivity of PTSD."

Public Domain
Retrieved From:
National Center for PTSD: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/
Media Type:
PTSD Research Quarterly (Spring 1992), v.3 no.2
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