Research on Trauma and PTSD in the Aftermath of 9/11   [open pdf - 220KB]

This article on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) presents a review of trauma research related to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The article follows a timeline of research published on 9/11-related PTSD beginning with a report published within days of the event. From the article: "The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) in New York City and upon the Pentagon in Washington, DC were unprecedented in scope in the United States. Approximately 2,800 people were killed in the attacks, 16 times more people than died in the Oklahoma City bombing, previously the largest terrorist attack on US soil. The scope and nature of the attacks suggested that there would be substantial mental health problems in New York City after the attacks and that these problems would extend beyond the direct victims of the attacks. [...] Several epidemiological studies were conducted in the aftermath of the September 11th attacks that made use of standardized assessment measures that allowed for good comparability across studies and that included design variations that allowed for focus on different segments of the U.S. and New York area populations primarily. These studies provided fairly consistent results, identifying elevated prevalence of PTSD and consistent predictors associated with PTSD in the initial few months post-event. Future research should also incorporate more sophisticated assessment of a range of coping responses such as those assessed by Silver et al. (2002) and Schuster et al. (2001). Results of the repeated cross-sectional studies of the population in New York indicate the importance of attending to additional mental health and behavioral outcomes such as substance use that may persist over longer periods following events like the attacks that occurred on September 11th. The data also point to the resilience of those in this population in terms of symptoms of PTSD over time."

Public Domain
Retrieved From:
National Center for PTSD: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/
Media Type:
PTSD Research Quarterly (Winter 2004), v.15 no.1
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