Assessment of Federal Emergency Management Agency's Emergency Support Function Roles and Responsibilities [open pdf - 3MB]
"The National Response Framework is a guide to how the Nation conducts all-hazards response. It incorporates 15 Emergency Support Function Annexes that group functional capabilities and resources to provide federal support to states and federal-to-federal support for disasters and emergencies, including those declared under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 100-707). The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is the coordinator or primary agency for eight Emergency Support Functions and is responsible for ensuring that activities for these functions are accomplished as outlined in the National Response Framework. FEMA generally has fulfilled its Emergency Support Function roles and responsibilities. Specifically, the agency manages mission assignments, executes contracts, and procures goods and services for its Emergency Support Function activities. However, the agency can improve its coordination with stakeholders and its operational readiness. FEMA should be coordinating with stakeholders for all Emergency Support Functions. For example, there was little evidence that support agencies are regularly included in planning meetings for an Emergency Support Function mission, even though agency officials said that such coordination would be beneficial. The agency must coordinate these activities with all relevant federal departments and agencies, state and local officials, and private sector entities to effectively execute the Emergency Support Function mission. FEMA also should be fully prepared to provide community assistance after a disaster. Specifically, it is not conducting long-term recovery exercises, and one Emergency Support Function does not have clearly defined procedures to identify and deploy needed recovery services to disaster affected communities. The report contains 11 recommendations that, when implemented, should improve FEMA's efforts to meet its Emergency Support Function roles and responsibilities."
Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General, Report No. OIG-11-08
United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security: http://homeland.house.gov/