Army National Guard and Civil Support Operations: Closing the Interagency Gap at the Local Level   [open pdf - 2MB]

"Currently, an interagency gap exists between local civil authorities and tactical military forces preparing for and conducting all phases of domestic civil support operations. The gap exists for two primary reasons: (1) military forces operate in a supporting role during domestic civil support operations, resulting in fewer allocated resources as compared to combat operations where the military is normally in the lead, and (2) military and civil authorities take significantly different approaches towards disaster response. Civil authorities follow the bottom-up, locally driven National Response Framework which relies upon specific local training and capacity to meet the basic needs of the local community. The military on the other hand follows a hierarchal, top-down, regional approach dependent on baseline or core competency training and delivering capacity better suited for offense, defense, and stability operations. This monograph recommends nine domestic civil support planning themes to close the gap and improve civil military relations by integrating military forces, specifically the National Guard, at the local level. […]. To improve domestic civil support operations and civil military relations at the local level, three things must occur to close the interagency gap: (1) military commanders and planners, especially those in the National Guard, must prioritize domestic civil support preparation at the local level, (2) operational and tactical military organizations must decrease their current reliance on core competency training and non-domestic experiences and increase interagency, domestic civil support specific training at the tactical level, and (3) the Department of Defense must view domestic civil support operations from a long term, local partnership perspective."

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