Multi-hazard Loss Estimation Methodology: Earthquake Model, Hazus-MH MR5: User Manual [open pdf - 6MB]
"The earthquake loss estimation provides local, state and regional officials with a state-of-the- art decision support tool for estimating potential losses from scenario earthquakes. This forecasting capability will enable users to anticipate the consequences of future earthquakes and to develop plans and strategies for reducing risk. The GIS-based software can be applied to study small or large geographic areas with a wide range of population. HAZUS will accommodate budget constraints, and can be implemented by users with varying technical and subject expertise. The modular approach of the methodology (with different modules addressing various user needs) provides additional flexibility in a variety of applications. The various users of a loss estimation study will have different needs. A local or state government official may be interested in the costs and benefits of specific mitigation strategies, and thus may want to know the expected losses if mitigation strategies have been applied. Health officials will want information about the demands on medical care facilities and will be interested in the number and severity of casualties for different scenario earthquakes. Fire fighters may be interested in areas where large fires can be expected or where hazardous materials might be released. Emergency response teams may use the results of a loss study in planning and performing emergency response exercises. In particular, they might be interested in the operating capacity of emergency facilities such as fire stations, emergency operations centers, and police stations."
Federal Emergency Management Agency: http://www.fema.gov/