FEMA Mitigation Best Practices: Place of Refuge in Newcastle   [open pdf - 38KB]

Alternate Title: A Place of Refuge in Newcastle

"The FEMA Best Practices Portfolio consists of mitigation stories submitted by individuals and communities that describe measures they have taken to reduce the loss of life and property from disasters. These Best Practices are meant to provide ideas and concepts about reducing losses and to encourage others to evaluate their own risk and consider mitigation as a long-term solution to reducing that risk." [...] "After winds in excess of 250 miles per hour bristled through central Oklahoma on May 3, 1999, citizens and business owners were left to contend with $1.5 billion in damages. Building Assessment Performance teams from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) determined that only specifically designed tornado shelters would have saved lives. One community located in the middle of the destruction, the City of Newcastle, built such a shelter." This and other individual FEMA Best Practices documents are also combined in "Mitigation Best Practices: Public and Private Sector Best Practice Stories for All Activity/Project Types in All States and Territories Relating to All Hazards [August 10, 2011]," which can be accessed at the following link: [https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&did=683132]

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Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): http://www.fema.gov/
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