Jamming the IED Assembly Line: Impeding the Flow of Ammonium Nitrate in South and Central Asia, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs of the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session, November 18, 2010 [open pdf - 118KB]
From the opening statement of Robert P. Casey, Jr.: "The main explosive ingredient used in most IED [Improvised Explosive Device] attacks against our troops, coalition forces, Afghan and Pakistani civilians is ammonium nitrate. Today, this committee and this subcommittee, the Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South and Central Asian Affairs, meets to examine the grave implications of the threat posed by ammonium nitrate and other precursor chemicals in IEDs. Ammonium nitrate is a common threat faced by Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the United States and we need to collectively do more to restrict the flow of ammonium nitrate into the region." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Robert P. Casey, Jr., Senator (PA); Christopher A. Coons, Senator (DE); Mary Beth Goodman, Senior Economic Adviser to the Special Representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan, U.S. Department of State; James E. Risch, Senator (ID); David Sedney, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Central Asia, U.S. Department of Defense; Michael H. Shields, Deputy Director for Operation and Requirements, Joint Improvised Explosive Device Defeat Organization (JIEDDO); and John P. Woods, Deputy Assistant Director for Homeland Security Investigations, National Security Division, U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
S. Hrg. 111-782; Senate Hearing 111-782
Government Printing Office, Congressional Hearings: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/index.html