U.S. Rural Population and Scheduled Intercity Transportation in 2010: A Five-Year Decline in Transporation Access [open pdf - 6MB]
"Between 2005 and 2010, 3.5 million rural residents lost access to scheduled intercity transportation, increasing the percent of rural residents without access to intercity transportation from 7 to 11 percent. In 2005, 5.4 million rural residents lacked access to intercity transportation, with that total increasing to 8.9 million rural residents in 2010. Of the 71.7 million rural residents retaining access in 2010, 3.7 million lost access to more than one intercity transportation mode during the 5-year period. These numbers update a 2005 analysis by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) of the U.S. Department of Transportation's Research and Innovative Technology Administration. In 2005, BTS measured access to intercity transportation within rural America. At the time, BTS calculated that 93 percent of rural residents in the United States lived within the coverage area of at least one of the four intercity public transportation modes (air, bus, ferry, and rail). Since then, significant changes have occurred to the networks of several of the modes. These changes include, but are not limited to, network reductions made by Greyhound and the suspension of the New Orleans--Jacksonville route previously provided by Amtrak's Sunset Limited. In this report, rural areas within a specified reasonable distance of intercity air, bus, ferry, or rail transportation (hereafter referred to as the four intercity public transportation modes) are considered to have intercity transportation access to that mode. Rural residents living within a reason¬able distance of more than one mode are counted once in the total number of rural persons with access to intercity transportation and once in the total for each mode providing coverage."
U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics: http://www.bts.gov/