Protecting America's Harvest, Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Immigration, Citizenship, Refugees, Border Security, and International Law of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, Second Session   [open pdf - 261KB]

From the testimony of Carol M. Swain: "I contend that America does not have a shortage of agricultural workers. Instead, we have a manufactured crisis by some who would like to ensure a steady supply of cheap labor, and in some cases, labor that bypasses also the H-2A and H-2B visa program. The H-2A program is for agricultural workers. The H-2B program is for non-agricultural, mostly low-skilled workers. Labor economist Phillip Martin, who has conducted extensive studies of farm labor in the areas of fruit and vegetable production, has found rising production in crops and stagnant wages for the workers. Meanwhile, the cost of household expenditures on fresh fruits and vegetables has remained constant. If there were labor shortages for agricultural workers, one would expect to find rising wages and more attractive working conditions. One would not expect to find unemployment rates of 10.8 percent in May and 7.9 percent in August. These unemployment figures indicate that there are native workers actively seeking employment in the sector that includes agricultural workers, forestry, fishing and hunting." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Zoe Lofgren, Steve King, Howard L. Berman, Lamar Smith, John Conyers, Daniel E. Lungren, Phil Glaize, Arturo S. Rodriguez, and Stephen Colbert.

Report Number:
Serial No. 111-150
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Government Printing Office, Congressional Hearings: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/chearings/index.html
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