ABSTRACT

Strategy for Integrating Best Practices with New Science to Prevent Disease Transmission by Aedes Mosquito Vectors   [open pdf - 1MB]

"Zika is the latest-but likely not the last-of a series of microbial challenges to public health in the United States and across the globe. The Zika public-health emergency in the Americas first emerged in late 2015, with reports of elevated rates of microcephaly in newborn babies following Zika infection in mothers during pregnancy. The research community continues to evaluate the types, extent, rates, and factors contributing to the adverse outcomes that can occur following Zika infection, and to develop the necessary medical diagnostics, therapeutics, and vaccines. One constant in many recent infectious disease outbreaks-including Zika, dengue, and chikungunya in the United States and its territories, and yellow fever in Africa-is transmission of the viruses by mosquito vectors, most often Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, but possibly in some circumstances Ae. albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito. Humanity has successfully controlled mosquitoes in the past through rigorous interventions, but societies and environments have changed. Increasingly dense urban populations and waste produce more standing water in which mosquitoes can breed near housing, insecticide resistance and adaptive behaviors have reduced the effectiveness of standard vector-control practices, and there are higher community expectations for engagement and consultation on which strategies should be used to control these mosquitoes. […] Whether implementing old or new mosquito-vector-control techniques, community education and engagement on the acceptability of interventions remains critical; without community support that allows the use of such techniques, mosquito-vectored endemic disease and sporadic epidemics will continue to occur."

Publisher:United States. White House Office
Date:2016-12
Copyright:Public Domain
Retrieved From:The White House: https://www.whitehouse.gov/
Format:pdf
Media Type:application/pdf
URL:https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=797520
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